Manmohan Singh (born 26 September 1932) is the seventeenth and current Prime Minister of the Republic of India. He also served as the Union Minister for Finance, succeeded by P. Chidambaram. He was the Governor of the Reserve Bank of India from 1982 to 1985 and held the post of the Finance Minister of India from 1991 to 1996 under Narsimha Rao-led government. Singh belongs to the Indian National Congress party and took oath as the Prime Minister of India on 22 May 2004, becoming the first Sikh to hold the post, as well as the first to govern from the Rajya Sabha. In the 2009 general elections, he made history as the first prime minister since Jawaharlal Nehru to return to power for a second term after completing a full five year term.
An economist by profession, Singh has previously worked at organizations including the International Monetary Fund and the United Nations. During his tenure as the Finance Minister, he was widely credited for initiating economic reforms in India in 1991 which resulted in the end of the infamous Licence Raj system.