General Motors Corporation (GM) (NYSE: GM), is a global automaker founded in 1908 with headquarters in Detroit, Michigan.
130px-General Motors.svg

The GM Logo.

It is the world's second-largest automaker after Toyota, ranked by 2008 global unit sales.[3] GM was the global sales leader for 77 consecutive calendar years from 1931 to 2007. It manufactures cars and trucks in 34 countries. GM employs 244,500 people around the world, and sells and services vehicles in some 140 countries. In 2008, 8.35 million GM cars and trucks were sold globally under the following brands: Buick, Cadillac, Chevrolet, GMC, GM Daewoo, Holden, Hummer, Opel, Pontiac, Saab, Saturn, Vauxhall and Wuling.[4]

In late 2008 GM, along with Chrysler, became and continues to be dependent on government loans from the United States, Canada, and the Canadian province of Ontario[5] to avoid bankruptcy resulting from the late 2000s recession, record oil prices and fierce competition. (See also automotive industry crisis of 2008–2009). GM's higher labor costs compared to its competitors, resulting from its union agreements and pension costs, has contributed significantly to its financial problems. On February 20, 2009, GM's Saab division filed for reorganization in a Swedish court after being denied loans from the Swedish government. On April 27, 2009, amid ongoing financial problems and restructuring efforts, GM announced that it would phase out the Pontiac brand by the end of 2010 and focus on four brands in North America: Chevrolet, Cadillac, Buick, and GMC. It also announced that the resolution (sale) of its Hummer, Saab, and Saturn brands would take place by the end of 2009 at the latest.[6] GM had previously eliminated the Oldsmobile brand earlier in the decade for similar reasons. As of April 24, 2009, GM has received US$15.4 billion in loans from the US Treasury Department under the Troubled Assets Relief Program (TARP). GMAC, a financing company held 49% by GM, has received US$5 billion in loans under the same program, while GM has received an additional US$1 billion loan to buy more equity in GMAC.[7][8] General Motors Canada, 100% owned by GM,[9] has received a combined loan commitment of C$3 billion from the Canadian and Ontario governments.[5]



  • Holden (1856-present)
  • Opel (1863-present)
  • GMC (1901-present)
  • Cadillac (1902-present)
  • Buick (1903-present)
  • Vauxhall (1903-present)
  • Chevrolet (1911-present)
  • Pontiac (1926-present)
  • Daewoo (1937-present)
  • Saab (1947-present)
  • Saturn (1985-present)
  • Hummer (1992-present)
  • Wuling (2002-present)


  • Acadian (1962-1971, Canada)
  • Asüna (1993, Canada)
  • Beaumont (1966-1969, Canada)
  • Bedford Vehicles (1930–1987, UK)
  • Elmore (1909-1912)
  • Envoy (1960-1970, Canada)
  • Geo (1989–1997)
  • LaSalle (1927–1940)
  • Marquette (1930)
  • Oakland (1907–1931)
  • Oldsmobile (1897-2004)
  • Rapid Truck (1909–1912)
  • Reliance Truck (1909–1912)
  • Samson Tractor (tractor) (1917-1922)
  • Statesman (1971–1984) These were made by GM Holden in Australia so it cannot be considered as a defunct brand as Statesman is still available new from GM Holden in Australia, and was never a separate company
  • Viking (1929–1931)
  • General Motors Diesel Division

Former AssociatesEdit

  • Fiat (2000-2005, GM owned 20% at one time with put option)[112]
  • Fuji Heavy Industries, manufacturer of Subaru (1999-2006, was 20% owned by GM) [113]
  • Isuzu (1971-2006, GM owned 49% at one time) [114]
  • Suzuki (1981-2008, GM owned over 20% at one time) [115]

From, The English Language Wikipedia.